Did Paul Kraemer come to America with a brother or step-brother?

When I first started looking into family history, I was told by various people that Paul Kraemer had come to America with a brother who stayed somewhere in New York. This notion was reinforced by a note made by Iris Kraemer Umhoefer in her 1962 Kraemer family tree (updated 1983) where she said a step-brother came with Paul but stayed in New York. The original note is as follows:

Source: Iris Umhoefer, 1984. Family tree done by Iris Kraemer Umhoefer, 1962 and updated 1983.
Note: It appears that Iris had second thoughts about whether it was Boston; see the change to Buffalo. The note “Vogels in Buffalo?” was written by me thinking that perhaps some Vogels had emigrated earlier to Buffalo; The step-brother’s mother was a Vogel.

My assumption was that either story could be true. I had heard about the brother from my dad. I assumed that Iris had heard the step-brother from her dad, Edward, or perhaps her grandfather Peter. However, I needed to do research to see if it was true.

The first issue was whether a brother came with Paul.  Most of Paul’s siblings had died near birth or as children (see below). Two were infants that died at birth and an earlier-born Paul had died within six months. But Paul also had older brother named Christoph -the same name as his father. A search of death records indicated that father and son had died of pneumonia within a week of each other in 1854. So Paul could not have had a brother who traveled with him to America in 1866. All of his siblings and his parents were already dead. His mother had died earlier in 1831 giving birth to a child that died at birth.

Children of Christoph and Anna Gilg

Name Birth* Marriage Death
Infant 30 Jan 1823 None 30 Jan 1823 at birth
Paul 7 Jan  1824 None 15 June 1824, 6 months
Christoph 30 Jan 1826 None 6 Apr 1852, 26 yr.
Paul 8 Nov 1828 Walburga Stangl, 23 June 1854 1 Aug 1897, 69 yr.
Infant 31 Dec 1831 None 31 Dec 1831 at birth

*Children were usually baptized the same day they were born because of high infant mortality, and the belief that if they were not baptized, they would not go to heaven in the afterlife.
Source: Source: Ederer (2008); Jung (1922-1926).  

But Paul did have two step-brothers who were still alive in 1866. George Michael was married and a railroad worker living in a town called Limbach.  The other brother was named Joseph. The key to whether a step-brother came with Paul was the ship manifest for the Teutonia on which the Kraemers came to America from Hamburg.  I searched the entire Teutonia ship manifest several times and never found the name of the step brother Joseph. In fact there were only two other Kraemers on the manifest besides the “Paulus Cramer” family – two unmarried young women with the name Kramer. The step-sister Anna Margaretha (see table below) was not among them. We do not know what happened to Joseph or Anna Margaretha but we do know that they did not come with Paul.

Paul Kraemer’s step- brothers and –sisters (children of Katharine Vogel)

Name Birth* Marriage Death
Margarethe 24 Sep 1832 None 16 Jan 1833, 4 months
Margarethe Walburga 1 May 1834 None 27 Apr 1837, 3 yrs
Johan Baptist 24 Nov 1836 None 13 July 1868, 32 yrs
Anna Margaretha 2 June 1838
George Michael 11 Oct 1841 Theresia Schober, 16 Feb 1873
Joseph 17 July 1844

*All births at house #27 Irlach. Source: Letter from Dr. Paul Mai, Archivdirektor, Bischofliches Zentralarchiv, Regensburg to Herrn Professor Dr. Heinrich Reinermann, 16 February 1983; confirmed by Georg Ederer (2008), Jung (1922-1926).

The ship record below clearly shows that Paul Kraemer came with only his own family, which consisted of his wife Walburga, daughter Frances and son Peter. The disembarkation list in New York shows that a daughter, Mary, was born May 30, 1866 on the ship while at sea.

He also came with some neighbors from Irlach, but that is another story. The key point of this analysis is that Paul Kraemer did not come to America with a brother or a step-brother.

Excerpt from Teutonia passenger list, Hamburg, Germany, 14 June 1866
















Source: Hamburg Emigration Office, 1982.

Name City Occupation Age
Pronold, Georg Tiefenbach Weber 65
Pronold, Berhard Weber 43
Pronold, Theresa Frau (wife) 46
Pronold, Philomenia Daughter 13
Zissig, Margaret Grafen-ried Woman 30
Zissig, Margaret Child 7
Hanbeck, Johan Muschenried Arbr.* 24
Beets, Anna Haag Frau (woman) 25
Michael Haag Kinder (child) 1 ½
Cramer, Paulus Irlach Arbr. 37
Cramer, Walburga Wife 34
Cramer, Franziska Kinder (child) 7
Cramer, Peter Kinder (child) 3
Fischer, Christoph Irlach Arbr. 35
Fischer,Catherina Arbr 36
Fischer,Joseph Frau (wife) 4
Fischer,Johann Kinder (child) 6
Fischer, Margaret Kinder (child) 1 ½
Fichtinger, Walburga Irlach No occupation 18
Wachter, Johann Irlach Weber 45
Pregler,Margaret** Haag 29

*”Arbeiter” means laborer, handworker, workman or workwoman, or general laborer.
**All of the other people above were on the same page of the ship’s passenger list except the last person. Margaret Pregler from Haag, was on a different page but also “between decks” on the ship. Haag is very close to Irlach and the other towns.  It is possible that Paul and Walburga knew Margaret Pregler because Paul gave 200 Gulden to unknown Pregler children of Irlach in his inheritance agreement.  We do not know why.
***Others on board the ship who ended up in Plain were the following: George Pronold, Tiefenbach,  Baiern, weber (weaver) 68; Bernard Pronold, Tiefenbach, Baiern, weber (weaver) 48; Theresa Pronold, Tiefenbach, Baiern, frau (wife), 46; Philomena Pronold, Tiefenbach, Baiern, dau.(daughter),13; Walburga Fichtinger, Yrrlach, Baiern, (no occupation) 18; Johan Wachter, Yrrlach, Baiern, weber(weaver) 45.

Although Paul Kraemer did not come to America with a brother, two Kraemer brothers who were second cousins to Paul Kraemer came to America from Tiefenbach, Bavaria, in 1852 and 1862 respectively. They ended up in Stearns County, Minnesota. We believe that Paul and Nicholas knew one another in Tiefenbach.

Michael and Nicholas Kraemer, Stearns County, MN, circa 1890